These days, diabetes is extremely common. So many people aren't aware of how just much it can affect sufferers. For instance, diabetes can easily lead to ending up with several eye-related diseases. These conditions include cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, as well as several other conditions that may impact your vision.
What is diabetic retinopathy? It occurs due to high blood glucose levels causing damage to the retina. It can also lead to blindness in adults.
A very common result of old age, cataracts, which create a clouding of the eye's lens, and subsequent vision impairment, tend to develop earlier in people with diabetes.
Your odds of developing glaucoma, another condition that can seriously deplete your vision, double when you've got diabetes. Glaucoma comes about as a result of escalating pressure in the eye, resulting in optic nerve damage and vision loss.
All diabetes sufferers, type 1 or 2, are at a heightened chance of developing diabetic eye disease. The risk heightens further if the diabetes is uncontrolled. Other risk factors include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Duration of the disease
- Poor diet and exercise habits
- Race í research has proven that African-Americans and Hispanics may be more susceptible to developing diabetic retinopathy and vision loss.
Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases often shift when blood sugar levels do. These often include:
- Seeing double
- Eye pain
- Blind spots or blurry vision
- Trouble with near vision
- Corneal abrasions
It's essential to know that diabetic eye disease can develop prior to its symptoms even being noticed.
Early detection can make a big difference when it comes to avoiding serious vision loss. Because of this, it is strongly advised that people with diabetes have an annual eye exam to monitor their eye health. If you or a loved one have diabetes, it's so important to make sure you know about how to prevent diabetic eye disease. Annual eye exams, coupled with good lifestyle habits, can save your vision.