There are many different types of eye injuries that can take place, with varying degrees of severity. Some may require emergency treatment and immediate care by an optometrist, while others can be taken care of at home. Read these guidelines for typical eye injuries, to determine your next step in case of an accident. Don't forget that common sense safety protections such as using safety glasses may be your best approach to avoiding eye problems altogether.
An example of an injury that should be treated seriously is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can lead to serious harm in a short amount of time and possibly result in blindness. Abrasions are normally caused by a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is dust in it. Since a scratch can open your eye to bacterial infection it's crucial that you call your eye care practitioner or an urgent care office. The best advice for a scratched eye is to keep it loosely covered and to see your eye care practitioner immediately to check it out. Rubbing the eye will only cause more harm and patching the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
A chemical burn is another serious type of eye injury. It is often scary when your are splashed in the eye by an unknown liquid. It's important to know which substance entered your eye. A chemical's fundamental composition can make a huge difference. While acids can result in substantial redness and pain, they can be washed out pretty easily. However, base or alkali chemicals can be more serious even though they don't appear to be since they don't cause as much immediate eye pain or redness as acids.
While no one ever wants to anticipate an injury to the eye, it's always good to have a plan for what to do in such circumstances. By being prepared you can feel confident that you'll know how to deal with most common eye injuries. Of course, extra safety precautions can help prevent these injuries altogether so speak to your optometrist about preventative eye care options!